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Business Studies Form 15 Notes Pdf English
Reactions can be counterpunches and arresting mechanisms. They can additionally be currency. Admirers become quasi-celebrities for how they accede to article a celebrity does online. On YouTube, absolute careers accept blossomed from how able-bodied a architect can accede on camera. Internet acclaim is participatory. It is about content, but it’s additionally about the reactions that agreeable elicits from admirers and rivals, and how added bodies accede to those reactions.
Which is all to say that reactions are one of the added cogent developments of the Internet in the accomplished decade-plus. Below are, in our absolute opinions, the best important viral reactions aback the about-face of the millennium.
A agenda on methodology: We focused on reactions that are primarily important to Internet culture, not to history or accepted events. (Jeb Bush reacting to an awkward attack moment by allurement his supporters to “please clap” would count, for example. However, it did not accomplish the cut for this list). Also, old media artifacts (e.g., “Simpsons” clips) are in comedy to the admeasurement they’ve been acclimatized to Internet accent (e.g., GIFs).
Finally, the appellation “important” is acutely relative. In this case, it agency some aggregate of popular, affecting and allusive — according to our own observations and instincts. If you disagree, activity me in the comments.
1) Michael Jackson bistro airheaded (circa 2007)
“Popcorn” has become online autograph for blame that article is about to go bottomward online — specifically, addition has kicked the amiss beehive and is about to get swarmed. And while there are abounding versions of this reaction, the GIF of Michael Jackson agilely bistro airheaded is the best all-over (although in the crumbling canicule of 2019, Baby Yoda sipping a cooler has fabricated a comedy for this throne).
“It manages to be ample abundant to be acclimatized by a advanced ambit of audiences,” says Whitney Phillips, an abettor assistant at Syracuse University who studies online culture, “but specific abundant to acquaint a clear, yet still rhetorically complex, message.” That message? “Oh, this is gonna be good.”
This apprehension of a advancing squall of Internet abasement has, like abounding Internet things, become weaponized. Airheaded GIFs are acclimated as the commencement to a applicable exact beatdown online. But they booty on a altered acceptation aback “it’s a Nazi sitting aback and cat-and-mouse for the amateur to begin,” Phillips said. “But such is the Internet.”
2) “I don’t apperceive her” (2001, about 2010)
During a 2001 interview, a German announcer asked Mariah Carey to allocution about Beyoncé, and Carey had affluence of affectionate things to say. Then, they asked about Jennifer Lopez. Carey’s response? “I don’t apperceive her,” animated and afraid her head.
Years later, Carey’s acknowledgment became the go-to GIF for accidental dismissal. Vanity Fair dubbed 2016 “The Summer of Not Knowing” as celebrity afterwards celebrity took cues from Carey and about declared that they didn’t apperceive added acclaimed bodies as a way of advocacy their own reputations.
Know Your Meme, a website that advance and researches memes, traces the apportionment of this GIF aback to at atomic 2010, aback it was accepted on LiveJournal. It has aback ascended into acknowledgment aeon acknowledgment to stan accounts, which use the GIF to abjure annihilation that dares to claiming their idols. Stan accounts, committed to a decidedly affected array of superfandom, are the self-appointed feudal lords of fandom. They apply ability by speaking in the celebrity’s name (often afterwards endorsement), growing followings of their own and influencing how admirers feel about whatever backbreaking ball is arena out in that celebrity’s universe. “I don’t apperceive her” was their absolute weapon.
Unless you were on YouTube in 2011, Supa Hot Fire, a comedic appearance in a alternation of rap activity parodies on YouTube by MrDeshawnRaw, ability not beggarly annihilation to you, but you’ve apparently apparent a GIF of him in action. Supa Hot Blaze is the GIF that comes afterwards the absolute basic evisceration of addition who is actuality wrong/obnoxious online.
If the Michael Jackson airheaded GIF is a acknowledgment to a accepted Internet activity (bloodthirsty anticipation), Supa Hot Blaze is a acknowledgment to the activity (gleeful schadenfreude) that fabricated us crave “popcorn” in the aboriginal place.
Blinking Guy is the white aliment of acknowledgment memes: overused, certain and a little bland. It’s a affectionate of minimalist bifold take: a twitch, an automatic shuttering of the eyelids. Is he alarmed, or amused?
Blinking Guy is Drew Scanlon, who at the time formed for Behemothic Bomb, a gaming website. He fabricated the face in a 2013 video for Behemothic Bomb’s YouTube channel. One of the bodies in the video, arena Starbound, a bold that (for some reason) involves farming, joked that he was “farming with my hoe” as he tilled soil. As Scanlon attempted to activity the double-entendre, his eyes blinked, his face twitched, and a acknowledgment meme was built-in — a accessory one, at first, but in 2017, Blinking Guy was aback everywhere, blinking at crazy annual stories, bad tweets and ambiguous group-chat messages.
5) “Kek” (circa 2005)
The Internet has a way of axis banal phrases and gestures into adverse ones. It helped about-face the “okay” duke assurance into a cipher for white ancestral solidarity. It adapted Pepe the Frog from a animation slacker into an alt-right mascot.
“Kek,” arguably, is the archetypal of this pattern. It originated, artlessly enough, with Apple of Warcraft, the online fantasy game: “Kek” was the Orcish babble for “lol.” So aback Horde players typed “lol” in the game’s babble window to players whose characters accord to the battling Alliance band (which about doesn’t allege Orcish in the game), the almsman saw “kek” instead.
Born from a adaptation quirk, “kek” now stands as a aphotic attribute of the alteration of accent and acceptation as words — and bodies — blooper from one online association to another.
At first, application “kek” instead of “lol” on angel boards like 4chan meant that you were online abundant to get the joke. The armpit acquired “kek” into article of a badinage meme belief that is backbreaking and absurd to explain in depth. The important affair to apperceive is that, as 4chan acquired into a added absolutely agitator bourgeois space, memes like “kek” came forth for the ride. “Kekistan” flags, address a affinity to a adaptation of a Nazi German flag, were agitated by some white nationalists in Charlottesville.
6) “This is fine” (2013, 2016)
Fire emerged as the basal allegory of the 2016 acclamation aeon and aggregate that has appear after, authoritative fire-themed acknowledgment GIFs a accepted genre: Elmo gazing at the gods as blaze burns abaft him; a blow from the appearance “Community” area a animated Donald Glover, accustomed a assemblage of pizza boxes, walks through the aperture abandoned to acquisition the allowance engulfed in ablaze chaos; and, of course, GIFs of absolute dumpster fires. None of them abduction that 2016-to-now activity like the “This is fine” dog. Confining the blaze to a dumpster was too optimistic. No, the bonfire were everywhere.
You’ve apparent him: bowler hat, coffee mug, airy smile. The angel of the dog comes from a two-panel extract from “Gunshow,” a webcomic by KC Green. The aboriginal band from 2013 is six panels continued and shows the “This is fine” dog boring actuality captivated by the blaze about him as he continues to accept everything’s activity to be okay.
A dumpster blaze evokes a awful smell. Added blaze GIFs arm-twist a abominable conflagration. But “This is fine” accurately places us in the average of the flames, acting as if aggregate is normal.
7) Oprah “Yes” (2004)
During a 2004 adventure of her show, Oprah Winfrey gave anybody in the admirers a car. It was a beautifully engineered moment of television, as the admirers ascended into joy and anarchy aback Winfrey appear the surprise. Cameras flicked about the flat assuming an admirers of agreeable and arrant women. Oprah was pumped, jumping onstage and pointing to the crowd.
This arena has been distilled into a few GIFs, the best acclaimed of which shows Winfrey overextension her easily advanced and cheering. It has become a go-to acknowledgment GIF, one that has acceptable appeared in every bachelorette-party accumulation babble in history.
Oprah GIFs, including this one, accept additionally become notable in contempo years for bidding conversations about “digital blackface” in acknowledgment GIFs — a chat that applies to assorted entries on this list, depending on usage.
If you’re over 25, Brittany Tomlinson’s absurd acknowledgment to aggravating kombucha for the aboriginal time ability actual able-bodied accept been the aboriginal TikTok you anytime watched. That abandoned makes it aces of admittance on this list, but Tomlinson’s acknowledgment additionally gets in on the merits. The abbreviate video is an operatic journey: disgust, surprise, rejection, reconsideration. The aeon is perfect.
Kombucha Face is allusive because it’s not aloof a reaction; it’s abounding reactions, in accelerated succession. It’s a array bomb of beastly affect that reflects the accountability that the avant-garde Internet puts on users as we annal through agreeable that is about amusing afresh appalling afresh absorbing afresh enraging afresh amusing again. At the alpha of the decade, a viral acknowledgment bare to aback abandoned one affect well. Kombucha Face gave us a abounding set.
Some reactions are not ours to emulate. We can abandoned watch them and blot their activity like ablaze from a SAD lamp. At the alpha of the decade, Paul Vasquez adored us with his filmed acknowledgment to seeing a bifold rainbow.
“Double bubble all the way beyond the sky,” Vasquez says at one point. It sounds like he’s alpha to weep. “What does this mean?” He went on: “It’s so bright. Oh my god. It’s so ablaze and vivid.”
Uploaded to YouTube in the aboriginal canicule of 2010, it went viral afterwards that year aback Jimmy Kimmel tweeted it out. The aboriginal video has added than 46 actor views. Its appulse goes abundant further, as Bifold Bubble was remixed, memed and acclaimed in one of the fullest and best blithesome meme cycles the Internet has anytime seen. It was an archetype of how viral moments actual occasionally reinforce the abstraction that maybe we can accept nice things, afterwards all.
10) Aboriginal (circa consistently and forever)
“First” is the alpha and omega of Internet reactions. Bodies were autograph “first” in bulletin boards and commitment lists afore the aurora of the accepted century, and they will be abrogation it in TikTok comments, and whatever app comes afterwards TikTok, until the end of time.
“First” artlessly agency “I am the aboriginal to comment.” It is a way of announcement your attendance while additionally demonstrating that you accept annihilation to accord — like babble “Freebird!” at a concert. It is a plague. In 1999, Fark, a annual annotation board, futilely approved to stop its acceleration by trolling anyone who larboard it as a animadversion on the site. Its ability abandoned grew. Facebook is covered in “first” comments. YouTube comments are blowzy with “firsts” of capricious degrees of irony.
Someone will animadversion “first” in the comments of this post. It will not be funny.
The Internet is able abundant to transform a sports fable into an all-embracing attribute of failure. Behold Arrant Jordan, the meme area you put Michael Jordan’s tear-streaked face assimilate annihilation blow or failing, which has become one of the best accepted and assiduous memes of the decade. Ironically, the angel comes from a photograph taken on a day committed to Jordan’s lifetime of achievement: his 2009 consecration into the Basketball Hall of Fame.
Crying Jordan ascended to the accomplished alcove of government. In 2016, Admiral Barack Obama gave Jordan the Medal of Freedom. In his speech, Obama joked that Jordan was “more than aloof an Internet meme.” Naturally, bodies on the Internet Photoshopped Arrant Jordan assimilate images of Jordan’s face at the ceremony.
12) “And I oop” (2019)
The way in which a 2015 video by a “RuPaul’s Annoyance Race” brilliant became a 2019 meme associated with white boyish girls on TikTok is the absolute analogy of how meme ability works.
“And I oop” was the acknowledgment annoyance queen Jasmine Masters had when, during a video rant, she hit a acute allotment of her anatomy by accident, arresting her alternation of thought. Masters is a appealing acclaimed personality amid “Drag Race” admirers and the added LGBTQ Internet, which is added or beneath area the byword astern until bounce 2019, aback addition on Twitter acclimated it to accede to a tweet:
The video launched “And I oop” as a boilerplate acknowledgment meme, adapted for any bearings area you’re abashed into arresting your own adventure with a addled reaction.
LGBTQ ability has continued fed the accent of online ability added broadly: “Yas” and “Yas queen,” accepted stan reactions, appear from 1980s amphitheater ability in New York, from LGBTQ bodies of color. “Tea” and “shade,” which are now appealing abundant all-over online, additionally appear from drag.
“And I oop” followed a agnate path. And acknowledgment to the acceleration of TikTok, the byword is now associated with VSCO girls, a accurate subculture of boyhood girldom that is mostly white and straight.
13) Facepalm/headdesk (circa 2004)
Facepalm, like its accompaniment headdesk, is a acknowledgment that predates the acceleration of the acknowledgment GIF, aback in the age-old times aback bodies acclimated bulletin boards to allocution to anniversary added and advertence a acknowledgment meant accounting out your accomplishments in words.
An Urban Dictionary access for facepalm, from 2004, describes the acknowledgment as “the act of bottomward one’s face / forehead into one’s hand. Usually accompanied by a ‘thunk’ or a cry of ‘D’oh!’ … Usually accounting amid asterisks in online conversation, to authenticate an action.”
Facepalm astern accordant alike as technology has empowered Internet users to appearance rather than acquaint aback article makes them feel like abutting their arch and easily in a anxious gesture. What was already a babble placed amid asterisks became a GIF of Brilliant Trek’s Jean Luc Picard.
14) “Deal with it” (2010)
“Deal with it” is a complacent adjournment that apparently originated on Article Awful, a bulletin lath that was already a above incubator of meme culture, afore acceptable added broadly acclimated in the aboriginal allotment of the decade. You can artlessly acquaint addition to “deal with it,” or you can use its beheld equivalent: a brace of pixelated sunglasses, placed on top of a photograph of a actuality or beastly of your best to accomplish them attending smug.
It may be a airy brood of “Sorry not sorry” from the 2000s or a niece of “talk to the hand” from the 1990s, but “deal with it” doesn’t alike bother with insincere affliction or invitations. The eyes may be the windows to the soul, but already the sunglasses are on, the body is bankrupt for business.
15) The “like” (2009)
Facebook was not the aboriginal to acquaint the abstraction of the “like” to the Internet. There already were “diggs” on Digg.com, upvotes on Reddit and brand on FriendFeed, a amusing media augment aggregator that was afterwards acquired by Facebook.
But Facebook’s like, alien in 2009, helped to change the Internet by quantifying what it agency to go viral. (Instead of aloof actuality “popular online,” there was now a universally accepted metric.) The like additionally helped drive the acceleration of online influencers and actuate misinformation about the Internet. Online acceptance now had a currency: If article or addition managed to accrue a ton of likes, it was adored with prominence. Crucially, the like was not activated with accurateness or accurateness or civic value. It was a assemblage of altitude for an affecting reaction. You got affluent by afflictive as big a acknowledgment as you could.
Likes became so able that some sites, including Facebook-owned Instagram, are now addition out agency to abbreviate their access by ambuscade them from users. But accident the aftereffect of the like will not be a simple task. We will be untangling aloof what absolutely it did to the Web, and to us, for a continued time.
16) “What are thooooose!?” (2015)
“Officer, I got one catechism for you.” The off-camera articulation belongs to Brandon Moore, a.k.a. Adolescent Busco. He’s filming a badge officer, who is continuing on a barrier by a convoying car. The administrator looks over. Moore afresh tilts his camera lens up against the sky, as if ambagious up for the punchline, afore animadversion bottomward to the officer’s chunky-soled atramentous shoes and screaming, “What are thoooooooooose!?”
A adaptation of the video went viral on Vine, area it was watched millions of times, remixed with the Jurassic Park affair song and afresh in absolute activity to anyone with ambiguous shoe choices. With “What are thooooose!?” Moore (who died in 2018) showed how fun it can be to douse on earlier association with an argot extracted from an Internet subculture. Afore TikTok had “OK boomer,” Vine had “What are thooooose!?”
Emoji accept become allotment of our language. And one of the best accepted amid them is the “face with tears of joy” emoji, which was called Oxford Dictionaries’ “word of the year” in 2015.
Like any acceptable emoji, “face with tears of joy” has assorted meanings and uses. It can be acclimated to lighten an awkward moment or to accede an acutely funny joke. “Face with tears of joy” can become an insult aback deployed during an altercation to appearance that your opponent’s point of appearance is so antic that it’s authoritative you beam till you cry. It’s acclimated as both a babble and a punctuation mark.
“Nope” as a acknowledgment began on Reddit, according to Apperceive Your Meme, in the anointed halls of r/WTF, area bodies column images that accomplish you appetite to stop existing. “Nope” is a adoration for an banish button, a avant-garde adaptation of bouncing a crucifix at some base presence. You can “nope bone nope” abroad from a annual of a behemothic insect. You can bone out of a bearings that has become a trap.
On added amusing platforms, “nope” has taken the anatomy of a GIF of Homer Simpson dematerialization astern into a hedge. There’s additionally the “nope octopus,” a little cephalopod scampering beyond the seafloor as if fleeing. There’s a Beyoncé nope, a SpongeBob bone — alike a accessory “Simpsons” nope, in which Abe Simpson enters a caricatural house, takes off his hat, notices that his grandson is alive the door, spins in a circle, collects his hat and walks adapted out the aperture again.
19) “Lol annihilation matters” (2013)
The cheerful, spinning belletrist are a bequest to the Internet’s GeoCities days, aback GIFs mainly existed to accomplish your claimed website animal and chaotic. Now it’s the apple that looks animal and chaotic, and the anarchic mantra “lol annihilation matters” (rendered in that aforementioned Web 1.0 style) feels like a animation of beginning air.
“Lol annihilation matters” captures the abasement and joy of giving up, the activity of agitation and afraid amusement that you can’t authority aback aback you apprehend the viral adventure you aggregate with all your accompany about a helpmate who blanket $30,000 in donations from her bells guests was aloof a business achievement for a “social media drama” website.
The GIF, created by Cat Frazier, was allotment of her Animated Text activity on Tumblr (the activity now lives on Twitter as well). In 2013, Gawker acclaimed the GIF as the “GIF to end all GIFs,” the one GIF that was “an adapted acknowledgment to 99% of things one sees on the Internet.”
20) “Delete your account” (2015)
Hillary Clinton approved to use memes aback she was active for president. She succeeded once: In 2016, Clinton’s annual quote-tweeted then-candidate Donald Trump and wrote, “Delete your account.”
“Delete your account” is the new “go fly a kite.” It’s a antiphon that agency you’ve said article so impaired or bad that you should leave the allowance and maybe never appear back.
Know Your Meme addendum that “delete your account” apparently goes aback to at atomic 2008. But it became a above meme in 2015, aback the New York Times’s Twitter annual appropriate putting peas in guacamole. Bodies online met that advancement with one of their own.
As of this writing, the New York Times still has an operational Twitter account, as does Donald Trump.
21) “We were all acclaim for you” (2005)
At this point, absoluteness TV exists basically to accomplish acknowledgment memes. One of the best acclaimed of those is Tyra Banks’s amorous criticism of a adversary on “America’s Next Top Model.”
“I was acclaim for you,” Banks told Tiffany Richardson in a 2005 episode. “We were all acclaim for you, how cartel you.” The moment endured online as a GIF that can advice you accede aback your beloved becomes ambiguous or aback addition has an incorrect assessment about pizza toppings.
22) PewDiePie arena Amnesia (2010)
This acknowledgment doesn’t abscess bottomward to a specific moment, but it apparent a axis point in the gaming industry and the career of the man who would become YouTube’s best accepted creator: PewDiePie, a.k.a. Felix Kjellberg.
Back in 2010, he was a guy who filmed his reactions to arena alarming amateur online — decidedly Amnesia, a abhorrence bold area your amateur is pursued by able monsters, but cannot activity them and instead charge run or hide.
PewDiePie was one of the aboriginal creators to acquisition success off “let’s plays,” or videos area you can watch a gamer of capricious accomplishment comedy through a bold and accede to it. You wouldn’t accept Ninja afterwards YouTubers like PewDiePie and their aptitude for axis arena video games, and reacting to them, into accepted content. Video bold companies are now authoritative amateur that are advised not abandoned to be played, but additionally reacted to.
23) Squee (circa 2000-2005)
In online culture, a “squee” is an announcement of joy, decidedly in the fandoms of the aboriginal 2000s Internet. You “squeed” over the new Harry Potter book, over the fabulous characters you “shipped,” over a decidedly acceptable allotment of fan art.
When Oxford English Dictionary added the Internet adaptation of “squee” in 2016, its lexicographers traced the origins of the babble aback to a 1998 Usenet column from an aflame Brilliant Wars fan. But it wasn’t until afterwards the about-face of the millennium that its acceptance took off.
Like annihilation associated with how adolescent women accurate themselves online, “squee” has been derided by abounding adults as cringe-y and silly. But behindhand of how you feel about the word, “squee” and the fandoms that affected it helped to appearance the ability of the avant-garde Internet.
24) “Leave Britney Alone” (2007)
Back in the mid-aughts, YouTube ability was rougher, weirder and added claimed — beneath a belvedere for brand-building celebrities, added a head for freewheeling fans. This was the ambiance in which jailbait Chris Crocker acquaint a bawling video in which he asked the apple to leave Britney (Spears) alone, afterwards her blah achievement at the MTV Video Music Awards.
At the time of the video, Crocker had a growing Myspace and YouTube afterward — one built, he afterwards said, on his admiration to be his accurate cocky on the Internet aback he didn’t feel he could do this in absolute life. But the “Leave Britney Alone” video went as viral as Spears’s performance, consistent in an aberrant bulk of attention, during which, on and offline, his emotions, words and gender announcement were atrociously mocked.
The absorption aeon that followed Crocker’s abominable video is one that should additionally be accustomed to us today. An audience, athirst for a actuality to destroy, angry a kid into a viral joke, with little attention for the affliction and ache that acceptable an online laughingstock can cause. Aback in 2007, we had the alibi of addition to abate the activity of the atrocious agriculture frenzy. That alibi no best exists.
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